WHAT happens to us as children can have a huge impact on the rest of our lives. When young people have adverse or traumatic experiences growing up, this impacts on their emotional and physical development, their capacity to learn and thrive.
The experiences we have during our childhood shape who we are and how we interact with the world, especially if those experiences are harmful, and without the right support the effects can last a lifetime.
The first adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) study was done more than 20 years ago in the US but recently this long-standing evidence base has been gaining increasing international interest.
[For more on this story by John Swinney, go to http://www.thenational.scot/ne...on_childhood_trauma/]