Dave McCollum, a retired physician who integrated ACEs and trauma-informed practices in his emergency room work, is now active in Minnesota's ACEs endeavors.
The survey is administered every three years, and is a joint project of the state departments of education, health, human services and public safety. In the 2013 study, 84% of the state's public schools participated in the survey. Only students in the 9th, 10th, and 11th grades answered the questions relating to adverse childhood experiences. The questions were similar to those on the original ACE Study, but did not include them all.
Nevertheless, a grim picture emerged.