How social factors drive up suicide rates among pregnant women [TheConversation.com]

Pregnant women in South Africa who live in poor communities are more likely to consider or attempt suicide than the general population. That’s a key finding from a recent study we undertook at Hanover Park. The research found 12% of pregnant women living in low-resource communities had thought of killing themselves during the previous month. In the same period, an additional 6% of pregnant women reported they had started to enact a suicide plan or attempted to end their lives. Rates of...

States Must Move Funding from Correctional Facilities to Community-Based Treatment [JJIE.org]

Across the United States, juvenile arrest rates have reached 40-year lows , dropping precipitously over the past 20 years. As the national juvenile arrest rates have fallen in recent decades, so too has youth incarceration. States now have a choice: they can continue to invest in the detrimental and ineffective incarceration of youth, or reinvest in community-based alternatives that address the underlying causes of crime. From its peak in 1996 to the most recent national data available for...

Dr. Anthony Biglan- The Nurture Effect and recent post

Hi there everyone- please check out Dr. Biglan's book The Nurture Effect: How the Science of Human Behavior Can Improve Our Lives and Our World. Very practical! As well Dr. Biglan offered the following blog post recently that regardless of your political orientation I hope that you will be able to find value in the core message. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/an-evidence-based-strategy-for-bringing-everyone-together_us_587bad19e4b03e071c14fdf7 Additionally if you haven't had the...

3 months after airing, did "No Room in Paradise" make a difference [HawaiiNewsNow.com]

The film director and producer of "No Room in Paradise" appeared on Sunrise this morning to talk about the impact of his documentary, 3 months after it aired. Anthony Aalto said that some progress has been made, but we have a long way to go. Here are some of the issues he addressed: Q: It’s been three months since your documentary first aired right here on Hawaii News Now. It created quite a stir. More than a million people watched the trailer, members of the Legislature asked you to...

The Knight Cities Challenge Draws Plans to Embrace Diversity [CityLab.com]

Residents of St. Paul, Minnesota, could very well see a mobile fleet of bike-powered hot tubs to cure the winter blues. Meanwhile, bus riders in southwest Detroit might find themselves waiting for their next ride at a “stoplet,” a bus stop decked out to have “the feel of an intimate city park.” And folks in Philadelphia, don’t resist when the enticing smell of food draws you to a marketplace for immigrant cuisine in Mifflin Square Park. These are just a handful of the 144 finalists for the...

What’s Behind the Decline in the Mass Incarceration Rate? [PSMag.com]

In 2015, America’s mass incarceration rate declined to its lowest level in nearly two decades, according to a recent report from the Bureau of Justice Statistics. The number of people locked up in local, state, and federal prisons across the country dropped to 670 inmates for every 100,000 residents (down from 760 inmates in 2007), or an estimated 6,741,400 people. The 1.7 percent decline in the United States’ prison population isn’t some marginal decrease; it marks the largest annual...

This Is Your Brain on Poverty: The Default Choice [PSMag.com]

In Germany, the percentage of people who have registered as organ donors is about 12 percent. In the country right next door — Austria — the rate is nearly 100 percent. The difference is not, as one might imagine, some major cultural or religious divergence. It’s that, in Austria, you are automatically an organ donor unless you opt out. In Germany, you have to opt in. Behavioral research shows that we are naturally inclined to go with the default choice. This finding is helping a program in...

How Communities Are Rising Up Against the Bail System [PSMag.com]

There seems to be a growing gulf between the will of the American people and the function of our criminal justice system. Though more Americans oppose the death penalty today than at any other time in the last four decades, capital punishment persists as a primary cog in the penal system. And while at least 77 percent of Americans oppose mandatory minimum sentencing for non-violent drug offenses, prisons in at least 26 states remain overcrowded, largely with inmates imprisoned long term for...

The Racial Gap in Education Is Slowly Shrinking [CityLab.com]

In the long fight to close achievement gaps in America’s public schools, some troubling trends are holding strong. The gap between higher- and lower-income students persists, and race, income, and segregation remain deeply connected when it comes to academic performance. But new research shows that the racial gap, though stubborn, appears to be slowly closing. That’s a finding from a study released Thursday by the Economic Policy Institute that lends hard data to the progress and continued...

The Detroit Start-Up Helping Women Craft a Path Out of Homelessness [CityLab.com]

Three years ago, Patricia Caldwell was laid off from her job on the production floor of a carseat factory in Highland Park, Michigan, and decamped to her mother’s house in Detroit, teenage kids in tow. But the tight quarters quickly became untenable. With her income slowed to a trickle, Caldwell says, “I had to work from ground zero.” The family became homeless. Those spirals of job loss and homelessness are a common refrain at Coalition on Temporary Shelter ( COTS ), a hub for women and...

Arthur C. Evans Jr. Named CEO of American Psychological Association

Note: Arthur Evans, PhD, head of the City of Philadelphia's Department of Behavioral Health and Intellectual disAbility Services, has long been a leader in the trauma-informed movement, implementing recovery-oriented services for individuals served by the city, working to foster cross system collaboration with programs such Police Crisis Intervention (CIT), implementing early intervention initiatives for infants and toddlers, and using art to transform communities. As head of the APA, Arthur...

Childhood trauma leads to lifelong chronic illness — so why isn’t the medical community helping patients?

Statistics tell us that two-thirds of Americans reading these words, including physicians, will recognize that experiences in their childhood still trail after them today, like small ghosts. Fortunately, medical science now recognizes many proven interventions for recovering from trauma, even decades after events have occurred.

Young royals urge Britons to talk more about mental health issues [FoxNews.com]

Britain's Prince William, his wife Catherine and his brother Harry urged Britons on Tuesday to talk more openly about mental health issues, saying too many people suffer in silence. Long-standing supporters of mental health initiatives, they launched the "Heads Together" campaign in 2016, which works with charities to help tackle the stigma around mental health. "There are times when whoever we are, it is hard to cope with challenges and when that happens, being open and honest and asking...

Mental Health on the Syllabus [InsideHigherEd.com]

Colleges and universities generally try to make information about mental health services accessible to students. But at Northwestern University, students may start seeing such information in a surprising place: syllabi. Wanting the campus to be “accessible and welcoming to all students,” Northwestern’s Faculty Senate last week passed a resolution encouraging “all faculty to include language in their syllabi similar to the following: ‘If you find yourself struggling with your mental or...

City bolsters mental health training after scathing DOJ report [Chicago.SunTimes.com]

Chicago is bolstering its response to emergencies involving people suffering from mental illness to address glaring deficiencies laid bare by the Justice Department. An eight-hour course developed in partnership with EMS System Hospitals will allow paramedics, 911 personnel, police officers and mental health providers to engage in live, “scenario-based” simulations at Fire Academy South, 1338 S. Clinton. The morning class covers psychiatric and behavioral emergencies, signs and symptoms and...

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