Blog Posts -- Research & Reports

ACEs and resilience research roundup: Paternal ACEs, family resilience, reforming health care

CC by SA 3.0 Parental Adverse Childhood Experiences and Pediatric Healthcare Use by 2 Years of Age EA Eismann, AT Folger, NB Stephenson… - The Journal of Pediatrics , 2019 … ACEs and several child outcomes,8, 9, 10, 11, 12 but less is known about the intergenerational impact of paternal ACEs .7, 13 The … 12 months, 15 months, 18 months, and 24 months of age, based on Bright Futures and the American … Adverse childhood experiences ( ACEs ) are associated with forced and very early sexual...

ACEs research roundup: Intergenerational poverty; TIC curriculum; obesity; opioids, school-based health

Health Status of Children Enrolled in a Family Navigator Program to Eliminate Intergenerational Poverty , Clinical Pediatrics All Traumas Are Not Created Equal JAMA Pediatrics Adverse Childhood Experiences: A Case-Based Workshop Introducing Medical Students to Trauma-Informed Care The Journal of Teaching and Learning Resources The Evidence on School-Based Health Centers: A Review Global Pediatric Health Adverse Childhood Experiences in Infancy and Toddlerhood Predict Obesity and Health...

Research roundup: IPV and intergenerational trauma, screening for adversity, early child ACES and epigenetic changes

Maternal witness to intimate partner violence during childhood and prenatal family functioning alter newborn cortisol reactivity [Academic Pediatrics] I screen, you screen, we all scream for risk screens [The Journal of Pediatrics] Screening for Toxic Stress Risk Factors at Well-Child Visits: The Addressing Social Key Questions for Health Study [The Journal of Pediatrics] Environmental influences on health and development: nutrition, substance exposure, and adverse childhood experiences...

Research roundup: Prospective ACE study and commentary about it; ways of asking about trauma; research on the power of internal resilience in juvenile offenders and a companion essay

Association of Childhood Trauma Exposure With Adult Psychiatric Disorders and Functional Outcomes JAMA Open Prospective Study Delves Deeper Into Mental Health Effects of Childhood Trauma Psychiatry From Treatment to Healing: Inquiry and Response to Recent and Past Trauma in Adult Health Care Women's Health Issues Adverse Childhood Experiences and Psychological Distress in Juvenile Offenders: The Protective Influence of Resilience and Youth Assets Journal of Adolescent Health Adverse...

Research roundup: Two-gen study highlights case for early intervention; mitigating adversity in foster children; testing an expanded ACE survey

Linkage between teen mother's childhood adversity and externalizing behaviors in their children at age 11: Three aspects of parenting Child Abuse & Neglect Decision-making in foster care: A child-centered approach to reducing toxic stress in foster children Children and Youth Services Review Expanding Concepts of Youth Adversity: Relationships With a Positive Patient Health Questionnaire–2 Journal of Pediatric Health Care

Research roundup: Two-gen approach to depression; cross-sector collaboration for special health care needs; ACEs and resilience screening at a Vermont clinic, and more resilience

CC3.0/Urcomunicacion Incorporating Recognition and Management of Perinatal Depression Into Pediatric Practice Pediatrics Psychosocial Factors in Children and Youth With Special Health Care Needs and Their Families Pediatrics ACEs and Resilience: Increasing patient knowledge of Adverse Childhood Experiences and stress coping techniques University of Vermont Adverse childhood experiences and sources of childhood resilience: a retrospective study of their combined relationships with child...

Research roundup: Healthy parenting; resilience building; ACEs and substance use; ACEs and justice-involved youth recidivism; ACEs and fetal alcohol exposure; integrating ACEs into nursing curriculum

Effective Discipline to Raise Healthy Children [Pediatrics] Addressing the social emotional needs of children in chronic poverty: A pilot of the Journey of Hope [Children and Youth Services Review] From Child Maltreatment to Adolescent Substance Use: Different Pathways for Males and Females? [Feminist Criminology] Adverse Childhood Experiences and Justice-Involved Youth: The Effect of Trauma and Programming on Different Recidivistic Outcomes [Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice] Quality of...

Research roundup: ACEs and children with Autism Spectrum Disorder; ACEs impact on pre-diabetes; parental incarceration and health care use; can a safe neighborhood reduce the risk of obesity?

Adverse Childhood Experiences Are Associated with Unmet Healthcare Needs among Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder [The Journal of Pediatrics] Objective: "To explore associations between level of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and unmet healthcare needs among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) using a population-based sample." The Differential Impact of Adverse Childhood Experiences in the Development of Pre-Diabetes in a Longitudinal Cohort of US Adults [The Journal of...

Expanding concepts of youth adversity: Relationships with a positive Patient Health Questionnaire-2 [Journal of Pediatric Health Care]

" Research suggests that diverse examples of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) may link to health. This study examines relationships between conventional (abuse, neglect, household dysfunction) and expanded examples (bullying, safety perceptions) of ACEs and adolescent mental health among youth participating in a statewide school-based survey," To read more of the abstract and for full text access options, please click on the link: ...

Research roundup: ACEs among incarcerated women; testing technology to help reduce substance use; prenatal support as an intervention to prevent ACEs

photo by Rhoda Baer/Wikimedia Common Life as she knows it: The effects of adverse childhood experiences on intimate partner violence among women prisoners [Child Abuse & Neglect] "Most incarcerated women suffer from adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), such as abuse (e.g., physical, sexual, emotional), neglect, (e.g., physical, emotional), and chaotic home environments (e.g., witnessing domestic violence), and adult intimate partner violence (IPV). Yet the majority of research on the...

Adverse Childhood Experiences Run Deep: Toxic Early Life Stress, Telomeres, and Mitochondrial DNA Copy Number, the Biological Markers of Cumulative Stress [BioEssays]

" This manuscript reviews recent evidence supporting the utility of telomeres and mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNAcn) in detecting the biological impacts of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and outlines mechanisms that may mediate the connection between early stress and poor physical and mental health. Critical to interrupting the health sequelae of ACEs such as abuse, neglect, and neighborhood disorder, is the discovery of biomarkers of risk and resilience. The molecular markers of...

Surviving all the way to college: Pathways out of one of America’s most crime ridden cities [Journal of Interpersonal Violence]

photo: Daniel Case/ CC "The purpose of this study is to better understand the factors and processes related to resilience of youth who are among the most at risk for academic failure and involvement in the criminal justice system. To address the research questions about resilience and risk, in-depth interviews were conducted with a racially and ethnically diverse sample ( N = 146) from one of the “most dangerous” cities in America. To obtain an objective assessment of risk, crime data were...

The AAP opens up access to ACE studies to highlight long-term impact of family separations and detentions at the border

Photo by Gerald R. Nino/Wikimedia.org "We have created a collection of articles on toxic stress since the American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Psychosocial Aspects of Child and Family Health, the Committee on Early Childhood, Adoption and Dependent Care, and the Section on Behavior and Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics published their landmark policy statement, “ Early Childhood Adversity, Toxic Stress, and the Role of the Pediatrician: Translating Developmental Science into...

Research Roundup: Integrating ACEs science into nursing curriculum, ACEs and addiction, two-generational approaches to preventing ACEs

Photo by Rhonda Baer/Wikimedia Commons A nursing school in Memphis integrates ACEs curriculum https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S8755722318300978 Looking at addiction through a trauma lens https://iacp.ie/files/UserFiles/Eisteach-Journals-Edited-Art/IJCP-Summer-2018-Art.pdf#page=16 What role do ACEs play in food addiction, bariatric surgery and weight loss outcomes? https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11695-018-3370-1 Researchers investigate two-generational approaches...

Research roundup of studies about ACEs and resilience

photo /CreativeCommons How do parents' perception of their children's resilience match up with their ACE scores? What is the scientific evidence that separating children from parents causes trauma? How does a trusted adult and other supports counteract the impact of high ACE scores? Looking at the National Survey of Children's Health for answers about bullying

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