From National Institute for Criminal Justice Reform, February 2020
The City of Stockton has developed past its days as a small rural town in California’s Central Valley. Emerging from bankruptcy, the city is now experiencing population and economic growth with one of the most popular mayors in the country, whose innovative initiatives have garnered national attention. Although Stockton has long contended with stubbornly high rates of gun violence, the City is making progress on this front as well.
When someone is shot in Stockton, there is an immediate, multifaceted, and very expensive response from an array of government agencies. The Fire Department dispatches EMTs, government contracted ambulances respond, several Stockton Police Department (SPD) units descend on the scene, investigators from the District Attorney’s office often arrive, staff of the City’s Office of Violence Prevention show up, and if the victims are declared dead on the scene, the coroner is called. And all of this is only the shooting scene itself. Then there is a hospitalization often paid for by tax dollars and in the case of serious injury, a rehabilitation. Victim compensation is often STATISTICS THE COST OF GUN VIOLENCE STOCKTON CALIFORNIA T STOCKTON CALIFORNIA HOMICIDES SOURCE: Stockton Police Department 40% 49 55 49 33 2016 2017 2018 REDUCTION 2016 2017 2018 36% 41% 67% INJURY SHOOTINGS 2016 2017 2018 151 169 111 SOURCE: Stockton Police Department SOURCE: Stockton Police Department POPULATION 310,496 POLICE FORCE 467 provided. There is protracted investigation by the Stockton Police Department and the San Joaquin County District Attorney. They are sometimes joined by the federal US Attorney. With SPD clearance rate at 67 percent in 2018, most often there is a trial and a long incarceration period. When there are multiple victims and/or multiple suspects, these efforts multiply for a single shooting incident.