By Ioannis Angelakis, Jennifer L. Austin, and Patricia Gooding, JAMA Network Open, August 5, 2020
Question What is the association between experiences of childhood maltreatment and suicide behaviors in children and young adults?
Findings This systematic review and meta-analysis was based on 79 individual studies with 337 185 unique participants found an association between core types of childhood maltreatment and suicide behaviors in children and young adults. Younger individuals with experiences of sexual abuse who were not under the care of clinicians had higher rates of suicide attempt, and young age was also associated more strongly with suicide ideation.
Meaning These findings highlight the need for raising public awareness and incorporating suicide prevention strategies into treatment planning and suggest that a primary focus of psychological treatments should be the amelioration of the effects of adverse childhood experiences.