We must have multi-generational solutions that acknowledge and address parents'/caregivers trauma histories and ACEs. Just as we know that it is difficult for children to learn when they are experiencing symptoms related to trauma the same can be true for adults. I'm involved in two programs serving young children and caregivers to break the cycle of intergenerational trauma transmission by focusing on and treating parents' trauma and its affects on their parenting. In one, we are using the SELF model, a component of the Sanctuary Model with caregivers in an Early Head Start Program. In another, we are using Child Parent Psychotherapy, an evidence based trauma-treatment, with parents who are involved in the child welfare system. Just as in the case that Julie presented yesterday we have found that these caregivers have severe trauma histories and many many ACEs.