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I looked for similar articles last year and found very little.  However, we are working with a group of women in a local criminal justice system in the Pittsburgh area and have begun to collect ACES data.  We are generally seeing an average of scores even higher than 4!"

When I work with incarcerated women I usually find that the score is around 7, and 5-6 with the men. Which is part of the reason I'm finding it frustrating not to find the research evidence to back this up so that I can use data and not just anecdotal evidence.


I am Co-Director of the Neurofeedback Advocacy Project. We implement neurofeedback in 3 agencies in Oregon, one of which Sponsors Inc provides transitional housing and other support to felons just released from prison. The other two sites were the forensics unit of the county Behavioral Health Department and a community mental health center serving a economically hard pressed small town. We collected ACE scores on all participants. The scores were nearly identical at 5.9. In addition to ACE's scores, we collect scores of the number of DSM current Psychosocial Stresses and the number of concurrent symptom clusters (e.g. Anxiety, sleep, depression). Again, the scores on these measures for our sample of felons, male and female matches those from the other sites.

Not directly related to your question but the results to date show significant improvements on client-select, client-rated behavioral health concerns from the treatment. We have added four more sites to the original study and are enrolling several more. We are definitely looking into recruiting sites in prison settings and in the juvenile justice system. If you could point us to such agency sites, it would be a great help.

Here is the citation for the report of another relevant study:

"Sociodemographic Characteristics, Adverse Childhood Experiences, and Substance Use and Psychiatric Disorders Among Adolescent- Limited, Adult-Onset, Life-Course- Persistent Offenders and Nonoffenders in a General Population Survey"

Authors: Bradley T. Kerridge , S. Patricia Chou, Boji Huang,, and Thomas C. Harford

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